Southern Alligator Lizards Diet

The Southern Alligator Lizard Diet: What Do Southern Alligator Lizards Eat?

The Southern Alligator Lizard, scientifically known as Elgaria multicarinata, is a species of lizard that belongs to the family Anguidae. These lizards are native to the western regions of North America and are highly adaptable creatures that can thrive in different environments. One important aspect of keeping Southern Alligator Lizards healthy is feeding them a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs. In this article, we will discuss everything you need to know about the Southern Alligator Lizard Diet, including their preferred foods, essential nutrients, feeding guidelines, and hydration needs.

Southern Alligator Lizard Diet Basics

Southern Alligator Lizards are primarily insectivores, but they also consume plant matter as part of their diet. Their diet changes as they grow older, with younger lizards consuming more insects than plant matter compared to adults. On average, 80% of their diet consists of insects, while the remaining 20% is comprised of plant matter.

The frequency of feeding for Southern Alligator Lizards depends on their age. Younger lizards should be fed daily or every other day, while adult lizards can be fed every 2-3 days.

Essential Foods for Southern Alligator Lizard Diet

To keep your Southern Alligator Lizard healthy, it’s important to provide them with a variety of foods that meet their nutritional needs. Here are some food options that are essential for their diet:

Preferred Live Food Options

Southern Alligator Lizards love to eat live insects, and providing them with a variety of options is crucial for their health. Some of the best live food options include:

  • Crickets
  • Mealworms
  • Waxworms
  • Dubia roaches
  • Superworms
  • Grasshoppers
  • Butterworms

It’s important to note that the size of the insects should be appropriate for the size of your lizard. Feeding them insects that are too large can lead to impaction or other digestive issues.

Safe Vegetables for Regular Intake

Southern Alligator Lizards also consume plant matter, and providing them with safe vegetables is important for their health. Here are some safe vegetable options for regular consumption:

  • Collard greens
  • Kale
  • Mustard greens
  • Dandelion greens
  • Squash
  • Carrots
  • Bell peppers

Ensure that you wash vegetables thoroughly before feeding them to your lizard to remove any pesticides or dirt residue.

Recommended Fruits for Southern Alligator Lizard Diet

Fruits should be given in moderation as they contain high amounts of sugar. However, incorporating small amounts of fruit into their diet can provide valuable nutrients. Some recommended fruits include:

  • Papaya
  • Mango
  • Banana
  • Blueberries
  • Blackberries
  • Apples

Make sure to remove any seeds or pits from fruits before feeding them to your lizard, as these can cause digestive issues.

Essential Vitamins & Minerals

In addition to live food, vegetables, and fruits, Southern Alligator Lizards require essential vitamins and minerals to maintain optimal health. Here are some important nutrients to include in their diet:

  • Calcium: Crucial for bone growth and development. You can provide calcium through supplements or by dusting their live food with calcium powder.
  • Vitamin D3: Required for proper absorption of calcium. You can provide vitamin D3 through supplements or UVB lighting.
  • Vitamin A: Important for eye health. You can provide vitamin A through leafy green vegetables like kale and collard greens.
  • Protein: Necessary for growth and development. Ensure that their live food options are high in protein.

Foods to Avoid for Southern Alligator Lizard

Some foods can be harmful to Southern Alligator Lizards and should be avoided. Here are some foods to steer clear of:

  • Fireflies: They contain toxins that can be fatal to lizards.
  • Wild-caught insects: These can carry parasites or pesticides that can harm your lizard.
  • Toxic plants: Plants such as ivy, oleander, and hemlock can be toxic to lizards.

Feeding Guidelines for Southern Alligator Lizard Owners

Feeding Guidelines for Southern Alligator Lizard Owners
Feeding Guidelines for Southern Alligator Lizard Owners

Feeding your Southern Alligator Lizard requires careful attention to their diet, frequency, and portion sizes. Here are some feeding guidelines for Southern Alligator Lizard owners:

  • Offer live food that is appropriate in size for your lizard.
  • Provide a variety of live food options to ensure a balanced diet.
  • Dust live food with calcium powder before feeding to provide essential nutrients.
  • Offer vegetables and fruits in moderation.
  • Ensure that all food is pesticide-free and washed thoroughly.
  • Feed younger lizards daily or every other day and adult lizards every 2-3 days.
  • Don’t overfeed your lizard, as this can lead to obesity and other health issues.

Understanding Southern Alligator Lizard Hydration Needs

Southern AlligatorLizards require access to clean drinking water at all times. You can provide water through a shallow dish or container that is changed daily to ensure freshness. Mist the enclosure with water regularly to maintain humidity levels, which can also help with hydration.

Key Takeaway:

  • Southern Alligator Lizards are primarily insectivores but consume plant matter as well.
  • Younger lizards should be fed more frequently than adults.
  • Essential foods for their diet include live insects, safe vegetables, and fruits in moderation.
  • Calcium, vitamin D3, vitamin A, and protein are important nutrients for their health.
  • Avoid feeding them fireflies, wild-caught insects, and toxic plants.
  • Feeding guidelines include offering appropriate-sized live food, providing a variety of options, and dusting live food with calcium powder.
  • Hydration needs can be met through access to clean drinking water and regular misting.


Feeding your Southern Alligator Lizard a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs is crucial for their overall health and well-being. By providing a variety of live food, vegetables, fruits, and essential nutrients, you can ensure that your lizard is receiving everything they need to thrive. Remember to avoid harmful foods, follow feeding guidelines, and offer access to clean water for optimal hydration. With these tips, you can keep your Southern Alligator Lizard healthy and happy.

FAQs About Southern Alligator Lizard Diet

How big do Southern Alligator Lizards get?

Southern Alligator Lizards typically reach 8 to 13 inches in length, with males often being smaller than females. They have a slender body and a distinct, flattened appearance resembling an alligator.

What do Southern Alligator Lizards eat?

Southern Alligator Lizards are carnivorous and feed on a variety of insects, spiders, and other small invertebrates. Their diet may include crickets, worms, and other appropriately-sized prey items.

Can I keep Southern Alligator Lizards as pets?

Yes, Southern Alligator Lizards can be kept as pets by experienced reptile enthusiasts. However, they have specific habitat and dietary requirements that must be met to ensure their well-being in captivity.

How do I provide the right habitat for them?

Creating a suitable habitat involves providing a spacious enclosure with appropriate temperature gradients, humidity levels, hiding spots, and basking areas. Mimic their natural environment by including rocks, logs, and plants.

Are Southern Alligator Lizards venomous?

No, Southern Alligator Lizards are not venomous. They rely on their quick movements, camouflage, and ability to detach their tails as defense mechanisms rather than producing venom.

How do Southern Alligator Lizards reproduce?

Southern Alligator Lizards are oviparous, meaning they lay eggs. Females lay their eggs in hidden, moist areas. After an incubation period, the eggs hatch, and the young lizards emerge.

What is the typical behavior of these lizards?

Southern Alligator Lizards are generally secretive and prefer a solitary lifestyle. They are skilled climbers and spend time basking in the sun. When threatened, they may inflate their bodies and hiss as a warning.

Can Southern Alligator Lizards regrow their tails?

Yes, Southern Alligator Lizards, like many other lizard species, have the ability to regrow their tails through a process called autotomy. If their tail is lost due to predation or other stress, it can regrow over time, albeit often shorter and differently shaped.

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