Australian Water Dragons Diet

What Do Australian Water Dragons Eat? Australian Water Dragons Diet & Feeding Tips 2023

Australian water dragons are fascinating reptiles that are native to Australia and are commonly kept as pets. As a responsible pet owner, it is essential to understand what these lizards eat and their dietary requirements to keep them healthy. In this article, we will explore the Australian water dragons’ diet in detail, including their preferred live food options, safe vegetables for regular consumption, recommended fruits, and essential vitamins and minerals required. Additionally, we will provide feeding guidelines for Australian water dragons owners, including practical tips on how to feed and care for your pet.

Australian Water Dragons Diet Basics

Australian Water Dragons Diet Basics

Australian water dragons are omnivores, meaning they consume both plant and animal matter. Their diet varies depending on their age, with younger dragons requiring more protein than older ones. Generally, they should be fed a ratio of 60% insects to 40% vegetables and fruits during the first year of life, and as they get older, the ratio can be reversed.

It is crucial to offer Australian water dragons food that is easy to digest and high in nutrients. It is also essential to maintain a balance between protein, calcium, and phosphorus in their diet.

Essential Foods for Australian Water Dragons Diet

Preferred Live Food Options

Australian water dragons love to hunt and consume live prey. Below are some of the most preferred live food options suitable for Australian water dragons:

  • Crickets
  • Mealworms
  • Waxworms
  • Beetles
  • Cockroaches
  • Grasshoppers

It is essential to gut-load these insects before feeding them to your Australian water dragon. Gut-loading refers to feeding the insects with nutritious foods before offering them to your pet. This will ensure your lizard receives all the necessary nutrients.

Safe Vegetables for Regular Intake

Vegetables provide essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals needed for the Australian water dragons’ health. Below are some of the safe vegetables you can add to your lizard’s diet:

  • Collard greens
  • Mustard greens
  • Watercress
  • Bok choy
  • Kale
  • Broccoli

Recommended Fruits for Australian Water Dragons Diet

Fruits should be fed in moderation, but they provide a good source of vitamins and minerals. Here are some fruits that are safe for Australian water dragons to consume:

  • Papaya
  • Mango
  • Berries
  • Apple
  • Banana
  • Melons

Essential Vitamins & Minerals

Calcium and vitamin D3 are crucial to your Australian water dragon’s health. You can offer supplements or dust their food with calcium powder to ensure they receive enough of these essential nutrients.

Foods to Avoid for Australian Water Dragons

Some foods are toxic to Australian water dragons and should be avoided, including:

  • Avocado
  • Rhubarb
  • Onions
  • Garlic
  • Citrus fruits

It is also essential to avoid feeding them wild-caught insects as they may have come into contact with pesticides or other harmful chemicals.

Feeding Guidelines for Australian Water Dragons Owners

Here are some practical feeding guidelines for Australian water dragons owners:

  • Feed them twice a day, once in the morning and once in the evening.
  • Offer live prey twice a week and vegetables and fruits three times a week.
  • Remove any uneaten food within 30 minutes to prevent spoilage and bacterial growth.
  • Ensure that the food offered is appropriate in size for your lizard’s mouth. It should not be too big to avoid choking hazards.
  • Always use clean dishes for feeding and drinking water.

Understanding Australian Water Dragons Hydration Needs

Australian water dragons require access to clean drinking water at all times. They also enjoy soaking in shallow water, which helps them stay hydrated and regulate their body temperature.


Understanding the Australian water dragons’ diet is crucial to keeping them healthy and happy. As a pet owner, you should provide them with a balanced diet that includes live food, vegetables, and fruits. Additionally, it is essential to avoid feeding them toxic foods and follow practical feeding guidelines to ensure they receive the necessary nutrients. By following these tips, you can help your Australian water dragon thrive as a pet.

FAQs About Australian Water Dragons Diet

Can Australian Water Dragons be fed a diet primarily consisting of insects?

Answer: While insects are a component of their diet, Australian Water Dragons require a more diverse menu. A solely insect-based diet lacks essential nutrients. Incorporating vegetables, fruits, and other protein sources like fish ensures a balanced and nutritious diet.

How often should I feed my Australian Water Dragon, and what is the recommended feeding schedule?

Answer: Young Australian Water Dragons should be fed daily, while adults can be fed every 2-3 days. Adjust feeding frequency based on their age, size, and metabolism. Offering a variety of foods, including insects, vegetables, and occasional treats, supports their health.

Are there specific fruits and vegetables that are suitable for an Australian Water Dragon’s diet?

Answer: Australian Water Dragons can benefit from a variety of leafy greens like collard greens and kale, as well as fruits such as berries, melons, and apples. Avoid high-oxalate greens and ensure a well-balanced selection for their nutritional needs.

Is it necessary to provide calcium supplements for Australian Water Dragons?

Answer: Yes, offering calcium supplements is essential. Proper calcium-to-phosphorus ratio supports bone health and prevents metabolic bone disease. Dusting insects and vegetables with a calcium supplement ensures the adequate intake of this vital mineral.

What happens if an Australian Water Dragon’s diet lacks variety?

Answer: A diet lacking variety can lead to nutritional deficiencies and health issues in Australian Water Dragons. Inadequate intake of essential nutrients can compromise their immune system, growth, and overall well-being. A diverse diet replicates their natural food sources and promotes optimal health.

Are there any foods that Australian Water Dragons should avoid?

Answer: Foods high in oxalates, like spinach and beet greens, should be limited as they can interfere with calcium absorption. Citrus fruits and high-fat foods should also be avoided. A balanced and varied diet helps ensure their nutritional requirements are met without adverse effects.

How can I ensure proper hydration for my Australian Water Dragon?

Answer: Provide a shallow water dish for drinking and soaking. Regular misting of their enclosure maintains humidity and offers opportunities for hydration. Monitoring humidity levels and offering fresh water supports their overall health, skin shedding, and hydration needs.

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